New South Wales
All State flags, except the Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory, use the Australian flag, based on the Blue Ensign, but have the particular badge of that State on the right hand side where the Southern Cross would be.
Flag Adopted: 18 February 1876
The flag of New South Wales is the Blue Ensign with the state badge on the right hand side. The badge of NSW consists of the red cross of St George with a golden lion in the centre within a white circle. On each arm of the cross is an 8-pointed star, representing the Southern Cross. The badge was granted in 1876 and is used both on its own and in the State flag.
The NSW Coat of Arms was granted by King Edward VII in Oct 1906. It features a shield containing the badge of NSW together with wheat and sheep symbols on a blue background. The shield is supported by a lion, representing England, and a kangaroo, representing Australia. The crest is a rising sun, representative of a newly rising country. The Latin motto means "Newly risen, how bright thou shinest", as shown by the rising sun. It also refers to the State's continuing progress and development.
Floral emblem: Waratah
Animal emblem: Platypus
Bird emblem: Kookaburra